The East Bay Regional Park District will acquire, develop, manage, and maintain a high quality, diverse system of interconnected parklands which balances public usage and education programs with protection and preservation of our natural and cultural resources.
Bids and RFPs - Business Opportunities with the District
* All files available for download are Adobe Acrobat
The District Master Plan defines the vision and the mission of the East Bay Regional Park District and sets priorities for the future. It explains the District's multi-faceted responsibilities and provides policies and guidelines for achieving the highest standards of service in resource conservation, management, interpretation, public access and recreation. The Master Plan is designed to maintain a careful balance between the need to protect and conserve resources and the recreational use of parklands for all to enjoy now and in the future. It was prepared with the active participation of the District's citizen-based Park Advisory Committee and with extensive review and comment from the community. The District's first master plan was approved in 1973. The Master Plan is revised and updated periodically to reflect new circumstances to which the District must respond. For updated information, please see the Master Plan page.
Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve, located in unincorporated Contra Costa County immediately north of Mount Diablo, south of the City of Antioch and east of the City of Clayton, opened to the public in 1976. The Preserve is recognized for its natural beauty, geologic formations and mining history, and is one of the most unique and important interpretive parks in the 65-regional park system that covers Alameda and Contra Costa Counties. The Preserve contains significant biological resources, both plant and animal, and a variety of vegetation types that provide cover and food for several protected animal species, including Alameda whipsnake/striped racer, California red-legged frog and California tiger salamander. The Preserve contains a unique cultural landscape and landmarks, and features an underground mine open to the public, two visitor centers, guided tours, a historic cemetery, two campsites and over 47 miles of roads and trails.
In 2013, East Bay Regional Park District (District) staff initiated preparation of a land use plan amendment and environmental review in compliance with the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) for the Preserve. Implementation of the land use plan amendment would open to the public close to 5,000 additional acres of land, bringing the total land in the Preserve to just under 10,000 acres. The planning area affords opportunities to open several local trailheads to the public and two new staging areas: the Arata Ranch Recreation/Staging Unit at the northern boundary and the proposed Clayton Ranch Recreation/Staging Unit that will provide vehicle access to the southern edge of the Preserve at Marsh Creek Road. The project also includes a major section of the proposed Black Diamond Mines to Round Valley Regional Trail that would be located outside of the Preserve; approximately one mile of this proposed six mile trail segment would be located on existing dirt roads.
The District aims to develop a balanced amendment to the land use plan to protect and enhance scenic, natural and cultural resources, while providing the public with opportunities for trail use, camping, environmental education and outdoor enjoyment. The land use plan amendment will establish a long-range vision that integrates resource management with public access, use and interpretation. The District has held two public meetings to solicit input for this project: one in 2013 in Antioch and another in 2015 in Clayton.
The District has released a Notice of Preparation (NOP) to conduct an Environmental Impact Report (EIR) for the land use plan amendment project. On June 14, 2017, the District hosted a Scoping Meeting open to the public, and received comments on the proposed project and EIR. At this meeting, there was a brief presentation of the proposed project and EIR process public comments were collected on the proposed EIR.
Download: Notice of Preparation - 2017
Download: Project Area Map (1 pg.)
Download: Public Meeting #1 Summary - Nov 2013 (5 pp.)
Download: Public Meeting #2 Summary - Sep 2015 (6 pp.)
Download: Public Meeting #3 Summary - Jun 2017 (3 pp.)
Help us Re-Vision Miller/Knox Regional Shoreline! The East Bay Regional Park District (District) is preparing a Land Use Plan Amendment (LUPA) and a Program Environmental Impact Report (Program EIR) for Miller/Knox Regional Shoreline and we want to hear your ideas!
The District re-issued a Notice of Preparation (NOP) of a Program EIR for the LUPA on June 26, 2017. Links to the NOP and other documents are listed below. The original NOP was published in May 2013 and an on-site Public Scoping Meeting was held on June 8, 2013, included a tour of the park. The handouts from the Scoping Meeting, “A Walk in the Park,” can be downloaded from the link below. After the Scoping Meeting, the District initiated consultant studies to evaluate options for the lagoon and for the buildings at Ferry Point, which informed the District’s proposed LUPA recommendations for these elements. The District re-issued the NOP, because the original NOP was issued over four years ago; improvements have been made to Miller/Knox that were not subject to the Land Use Plan Amendment or associated environmental document, but which have changed the baseline conditions; and changes have been made to the State CEQA Guidelines.
The District hosted a Public Scoping Meeting on July 19th, 6:00–7:30pm at the Point Richmond Community Center. Attendees learned about the LUPA and the Program EIR, and shared ideas about Miller/Knox. A PDF of the Powerpoint presentation can be downloaded from the link below.
The 30-day comment period for the NOP closed on Friday, July 28, 2017. Interested parties are encouraged to contact the District at any time during the EIR process to receive updates of the process, to ask questions, and share information. Currently, the District is researching some of the questions and suggestions raised during the NOP public comment period. At this point, staff expects the draft LUPA and Program EIR will be available for public review by mid-2018.
A Land Use Plan Amendment is a long-range planning document that updates a previously prepared Land Use Plan. It recommends programs for managing and conserving park resources and offers proposals for future recreational use. A Program EIR is an environmental document prepared in compliance with the California Environmental Quality Act that analyzes the potentially significant environmental impacts associated with implementation of a project, in this case, implementation of the LUPA, and discusses ways to avoid or mitigate the negative impacts. The environmental document will consider construction, operation, and maintenance of the recommendations that will be included in the proposed LUPA.
Please contact Michelle Julene, Park Planner at email@example.com or (510) 544-2351 for additional information or to be added to the project contact list.
Download: Scoping Meeting Presentation - 2017 (26 pp.)
Download: Re-Issued Notice of Preparation - 2017 (2 pp.)
Download: Land Use Plan Amendment Poster - 2014 (1 pg.)
Download: "A Walk in the park" - 2013 (9 pp.)
Download: "Un Paseo en el Parque" - 2013 (8 pp.)
Download: Notice of Preparation - 2013 (2 pp.)
Download: Public Meeting Notice and Map - 2013 (1 pg.)
Download: Bray Oil Property, Checklist Amendment - 2000 (4 pp.)
Download: Bray Oil Property, Negative Declaration - 1999 (55 pp.)
Download: Ferry Point, Negative Declaration - 1995 (16 pp.)
Download: Ferry Point, Land Use Plan Amendment - 1995 (21 pp.)
Download: Miller Knox Regional Resource Analysis - 1983 (101 pp.)
Download: Miller Knox Regional Shoreline LUDP and EIR - 1983 (125 pp.)
Download: George Miller Jr. Memorial Regional Shoreline EIR - 1976 (132 pp.)
The East Bay Regional Park District (Park District) Acquisition, Stewardship and Development Division is currently preparing a Land Use Plan Amendment for Robert Sibley Volcanic Regional Preserve. The focus of this Land Use Plan Amendment will be on the addition of two new properties that will extend the Preserve eastward to more directly serve the City of Orinda, the unincorporated community of Canyon, and the Town of Moraga.
Public meetings and workshops are an important part of the Land Use planning process. To date, there have been three community meetings, two site tours, and two youth engagement workshops. The third community meeting for this planning process focused on reviewing the project goals, finalizing the design concepts for the McCosker site, evaluating the trails plan for the Preserve and looking ahead to the preparation of the LUPA and the CEQA analysis. This meeting also served as the Public Scoping Meeting regarding the proposed project and CEQA analysis. In addition to discussing the proposed Sibley Land Use Plan Amendment Project, the District also discussed the associated planning and environmental processes.
On June 19, 2017 The District issued a Notice of Preparation (NOP) of an Environmental Impact Report (EIR) in accordance with State California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) Guidelines Section 15082(a) informing the Office of Planning and Research State Clearinghouse, Affected Agencies, Property Owners within 300 feet of the Project Site and interested organizations and individuals that the East Bay Regional Park District (District) is the Lead Agency and is preparing an Environmental Impact Report (EIR) for the 2017 Robert Sibley Volcanic Regional Preserve Land Use Plan Amendment (LUPA) incorporating the McCosker Parcel and Western Hills Open Space. The EIR will address the potential physical, environmental effects for each of the environmental topics outlined in the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) and will take into consideration comments received on the NOP.
On November 27, 2017, the preferred alternative was presented to the Park Advisory Committee. A second presentation was given to the Board Executive Committee on December 7, 2017. These were informational meetings. In addition, to regular public noticing of these meetings, interested citizens on the Sibley LUPA email notification were sent email notification of these meetings. In winter 2018, the District anticipates the draft LUPA and EIR will be ready to be circulated for public review. During the review period, the District will schedule a public presentation on the LUPA and draft EIR prior to consideration by the East Bay Regional Park District Board of Directors to certify the EIR and to approve or deny the project at a public hearing.
To view the summaries of the first three community meetings, the NOP, and the presentation given to the Park Advisory Committee and the Board Executive Committee, please refer to the downloads below.
Download: Sibley LUPA Presentation - Dec 7, 2017 (29 pp.)
Download: Sibley NOP - Jun 19, 2017 (2 pp.)
Download: Community Meeting Summary - Jan 18, 2017 (1 pg.)
Download: Sibley Design Concepts (41 pp.)
Download: Community Meeting Notice Flyer - Jan 18, 2017 (1 pg.)
Download: PowerPoint from Meeting Presentation - Nov 2016 (29 pp.)
Download: Summary of Community Input - Nov 2016 (2 pp.)
Download: PowerPoint from Meeting Presentation - Apr 2016 (45 pp.)
Download: Study Area Map - Apr 2016 (1 pg.) [JPG]
Download: Summary of Community Input - Apr 2016 (4 pp.)
The District is preparing a Land Use Plan Amendment (LUPA) for the southern region of the Las Trampas Wilderness Regional Preserve to formally incorporate approximately 760 acres into Las Trampas. This will expand the amount of open parkland in Las Trampas to a total of approximately 6,000 acres.
The District’s intention for the LUPA is to provide a formal planning review for the expansion of Las Trampas Wilderness, outline public access connections, and catalog and plan for important natural and cultural resources for five parcels in the Project area. The five parcels include three the District currently owns: Chen, Elworthy and Peter’s Ranch. Two additional parcels will be dedicated to the District as mitigation for development projects: Podva and Faria.
Each parcel represents separate access and natural resource opportunities and constraints. The LUPA will describe each parcel and outline what will occur within each parcel. On the Chen parcel, the LUPA will describe and plan for a staging area and trail connection. The LUPA will also evaluate public access to Las Trampas Wilderness and along the Calaveras Ridge Trail via Peter’s Ranch. The LUPA will act as a guiding document for future projects including an Emergency Vehicle and Maintenance Access route to the Calaveras Ridge Trail from Bollinger Canyon Road, and recreational trails and parking on the Faria dedication parcels. Furthermore, the LUPA will serve as a resource for park operations and maintenance, summarizing long-term maintenance plans for the Podva and Faria conservation easements, detailing the grazing plan for all parcels, and outlining roles and responsibilities for park staff on all five subject parcels.
On Wednesday, June 7, 2017 at 6:30 PM, the District held the first community meeting for this planning process at the San Ramon Community Center located at 12501 Alcosta Blvd., San Ramon, CA. The meeting provided an overview of the District’s mission, project goals and elements, and looking ahead to the preparation of the LUPA and CEQA analysis. Members of the public participated in an activity on current Las Trampas Wilderness public access points and recreation activities. This meeting also served as the Public Scoping Meeting regarding the proposed LUPA and CEQA analysis and public comments and input were received.
In addition to land use plans, the District prepares a range of documents covering District-wide plans, feasibility studies, restoration and resource management plans and emergency repair projects. The District evaluates the environmental impact of planned projects in compliance with the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) and prepares the appropriate CEQA documentation for public review. The District will notify the public here about the publication of other plans and CEQA documents, as well as public comment periods and meeting schedules.
The Albany Beach Restoration and Public Access Project is located in McLaughlin Eastshore State Park between Buchanan Street and Gilman Street. The McLaughlin Eastshore State Park General Plan was adopted in 2001. The plan identified a number of park improvements for the Albany waterfront area. In 2011 the District completed a study to evaluate the feasibility of these improvements and to include the public in the project scoping and planning process (Albany Beach Restoration and Public Access Feasibility Study, January 2011).
The Project is being constructed in three phases. Phase One construction was completed in 2015. It reconstructed 1,800 linear feet of shoreline on the south side of Albany Neck to protect water quality and preserve and enhance public access. Phase I shoreline work also implemented living shoreline principles identified in the San Francisco Bay Sub-tidal Habitat Goals Report. These features include bird roosting islands, tide pools, a small pebble beach and an oyster shell reef. These features have boosted the ecological value of the site for fish and shorebirds and have greatly enhanced shoreline protection and resiliency.
Phases 2 and 3 of the project are scheduled for construction in 2017/2018: Phase 2 includes beach and dune enhancement, and construction of a non-motorized watercraft launch, restroom, parking and approximately 800 feet of new San Francisco Bay Trail at Albany Beach; Phase 3 will result in construction of 4,200 feet of new San Francisco Bay Trail on the shoreline between Albany Beach and Gilman Street. The project is supported by numerous grants including $1 million from Alameda County Transportation Commission Measure B. See Alameda County Transportation Commission website for more information on Measure B: http://www.alamedactc.org/.
Download: Albany Beach Project Flyer - June 2018 (2 pp.)
Albany Beach Draft EIR Appendices, unchanged in Final EIR: NOP, Initial Study, Scoping Comments, Visitor Use Restrictions, GHG Modeling, Cultural Resources Assessment, Coastal Engineering Report, Implementation Approach, Eastshore General Plan, Traffic and Parking.
Bay Point Regional Shoreline is located at the approximate midpoint of the San Francisco Bay and Delta, in Bay Point, unincorporated Contra Costa County. The site consists of 150 acres of marsh and upland at the waterfront of the Bay Point community. A land use plan and IS/MND was adopted in 2001, with a subsequent addendum to the MND completed in 2017. Park land use planning is complete and a small parking lot, restroom and loop trail through the marsh is currently open to the public. A preliminary restoration plan and park improvements are included in the land use plan and analyzed under CEQA. Public access improvements include trail accessibility enhancements for persons with disabilities, overlook points, shade structures, drinking water, and flush restrooms. The project will be designed to provide long term value for key species by taking an adaptive retreat approach to sea level rise. Habitat design will ensure a mix of diverse habitat types, including transition zone and high marsh, to help offset sea level rise impacts. The restoration area will be self-sustaining with tidal channels and other marsh features maintained passively through tidal exchange and seasonal inundation. Construction is scheduled for 2019.
For more information, please contact Karla Cuero at firstname.lastname@example.org. To view additional project information and updates, please refer to the links below.
The East Bay Regional Park District (EBRPD) wants to partner with the City of Concord, the National Park Service, and appropriate stakeholders to provide a great urban regional park in Concord.
Link: Read more about Concord Naval Weapons Station project
Coyote Hills Regional Park (“Coyote Hills”) is located in Fremont, Alameda County, California. In 2014 the District received a donation of a 296-acre parcel (Patterson Ranch) bordering much of the eastern boundary of Coyote Hills, expanding the park eastward to Paseo Padre Parkway. This property, along with a 10-acre parcel purchased in 2016, comprise a project site that presents opportunities for improving public access and restoring habitat. In January, 2017 the Park District initiated a study to evaluate these opportunities and to update the park land use plan to include the donation parcel.
A number of public workshops and meetings will be held throughout the year to solicit input on the project. As work products become available they will be posted here on the District’s website. To be added to the project mailing list, please contact Karla Cuero at: email@example.com
Project Update: The Board of Directors recently approved a conceptual site plan for the expansion of Coyote Hills Regional Park (see “Board Approved Concept Plan and Site Program, February 20, 2018” link below). The planning process is expected to be complete in 2018.
Download: Workshop #2 Summary Packet - Nov 13, 2017 (52 pp.)
Download: Workshop #1 Summary Packet (76 pp.)
Download: Brochure - Coyote Hills Restoration and Public Access Project - Jan 2017, (2 pp.)
Download: Public Outreach and Participation Plan - July 2017 (32 pp.)
Download: Board Approved Concept Plan and Site Program - Feb 20, 2018 (4 pp.)
Download: Notice of Preparation – Coyote Hills NOP - May 14, 2018 (5 pp.)
Download: NOP/Meeting Flyer - Multi-language - May 31, 1018 (2 pp.)
Download: NOP Scoping Meeting Summary Packet - May 31, 2108 (38 pp.)
The Park District has completed a restoration and public access project at the Dotson Family Marsh at Point Pinole Regional Shoreline. Key project goals included restoring historic San Francisco Bay wetlands, closing a key gap in the San Francisco Bay Trail, and developing other public access facilities. The newly restored marsh has been designed to provide high quality habitat for threatened and endangered species, such as the Ridgway’s rail and the salt marsh harvest mouse. Trails and other public access amenities are now open for the public to enjoy.
Download: Project Completion Brochure - 2017 (2 pp.)
The East Bay Regional Park District is designing plans to remove large debris and non-native vegetation from Encinal Beach, City of Alameda, CA. In addition, there is currently a large rusty barge imbedded in the shoreline which will be removed and the shoreline will be reinforced to protect a portion of the Bay Trail from wind and wave erosion. Approximately 0.5 acre of the beach will be re-vegetated with native dune vegetation, which is currently completely covered with non-native ice plant. The site will also be graded to improve beach assess for non-motorized personal watercraft.
Download: Encinal Notice of Completion - Apr 2017 (2 pp.)
Download: Encinal Final IS/MND - Jun 2017 (295 pp.)
Download: Encinal Notice of Intent - 2017 (1 pg.)
Download: Encinal DRAFT IS/MND - 2017 (94 pp.)
Download: Encinal DRAFT IS/MND Appendices - 2016 (94 pp.)
Download: HASPA Sea Level Study: Version 15B - 2010 (95 pp.)
Download: Lone Tree Point Feasibility Site Map (1 pg.)
Download: SF Bay Trail: Initial Study / Mitigated Negative Declaration Public Review Draft (192 pp.)
Download: Narrow Natural Surface Trails: Managing Multiple Use - 2011 (46 pp.)
The East Bay Regional Park District (EBRPD) in partnership with the County of Alameda, San Francisco Public Utilities Commission (SFPUC), and the Alameda County Water District (ACWD), have completed the Niles Canyon Regional Trail Connectivity Feasibility Study. This study includes a six mile Class I trail connecting Niles to Sunol identified in EBRPD’s Master Plan Update in 2013.
Several public meetings were held to collect comments and concerns about the components of the study between October 2014 and October 2015. Three alternative routes and the environmental and historical impacts of each are included in the study. The report also includes analysis of a portion of the Bay Area Ridge Trail which crosses the Niles Canyon Railroad, and a multiuse trail connecting SFPUC’s Sunol Water Temple to Vargas Plateau. There is no identified funding at this time to finalize the design and complete environmental review pursuant to CEQA.
Download: Niles Canyon Regional Trail Connectivity Feasibility Study - Dec 2015 (86 pp.)
Download: Pleasanton Ridge Land Use Plan - 2012 (325 pp.)
Download: Notice: Pilot “Road-To-Trail” Conversion Project (1 pg.)
The East Bay Regional Park District proposes the Point Isabel Water Access and Shoreline Restoration Project (proposed project) within the southern region of Point Isabel. The proposed project would implement improvements outlined in the December 6, 2002 Eastshore State Park General Plan. The primary goals of this project include, but are not limited to:
Download: Initial Study/Proposed Mitigated Negative Declaration - Draft - 2017 (350 pp.)
Download: Notice of Intent to Adopt a Mitigated Negative Declaration - 2017 (1 pg.)
The Project consists of an approximately 2.5 mile non-motorized bike and pedestrian trail at Point Molate. The trail is comprised of Segment A and B and would be constructed in a previously disturbed area that coincides or is adjacent to the old Richmond Belt Railway corridor. Segment A would be constructed within a surface easement granted by Chevron to EBRPD for construction, operation, and maintenance of the trail. The trail is anticipated to be 10 feet wide. Construction of the trail is expected to occur in stages from May through October in 2020.
Download: SF Bay Trail at Point Molate: Initial Study / Mitigated Negative Declaration - Mar 2014 (93 pp.)
Download: Appendix A - Revised MMRP
Download: Appendix B - Site Photographs
Download: Appendix C - Biological Resources Assessment
Download: Appendix D - Cultural Resources Report
Download: Appendix E - Geotechnical Report
Download: Appendix F - Coastal Erosion Assessment
Download: Appendix G (Part 1) Pg. 1-60 - Phase I Assessment
Download: Appendix G (Part 1) Pg. 61-112 - Phase I Assessment
Download: Appendix G (Part 1) Pg. 113-481 - Phase I Assessment
Download: Appendix G (Part 2) - Phase I Assessment
Download: Phase II Findings Memo - Final
Download: SF Bay Trail: Pt. Molate 65% Design Plans
Download: MND Response to Comments
The East Bay Regional Park District (EBRPD) in partnership with the City of Pinole has completed an Environmental Impact Report (EIR) for a proposed section of the San Francisco Bay Trail along the San Pablo Bay shoreline in Pinole. This EIR analyzes the environmental impact of constructing a section of the San Francisco Bay Trail in Pinole between Pinole Shores and Bayfront Park, a distance of approximately 0.5 mile. The proposed project would extend an existing Class I non-motorized, paved trail from a hillside bluff across from Hazel Lane in Pinole Shores to the east, traverse down the bluff face, then cross over the UPRR tracks via a grade separated bridge to connect to an existing path in Bayfront Park. The public review period ended on Thursday September 1, 2011. A public hearing on the document was held August 23, 2011 at Pinole City Hall. For more information please contact Sean Dougan at (510) 544-2611 or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
The East Bay Regional Park District in partnership with the City of Pinole will build approximately .5 miles of the San Francisco Bay Trail in Pinole, between Pinole Shores and Bayfront Park. The project is an action that is subject to the U.S. Department of Transportation Act of 1966 (49 U.S.C. 303 and 23 U.S.C. 138 [PL 110-17],[PL 97-449], [PL 86-670]). Section 4(f) of this legislation seeks to protect publicly owned public parklands, recreation areas, waterfowl and wildlife refuges, and significant historic sites from impacts – the “use” of these resources – by U.S. Department of Transportation actions. After an evaluation of the impacts of this action upon Section 4(f) resources, a De Minimis finding has been made. The below link is the final 4(f) report which documents those findings.
Download: San Francisco Bay Trail: Pinole – Final 4(f) Report - 2012 (18 pp.)
The East Bay Regional Park District has prepared Sewer System Management Plans (SSMPS) for each of its parks that own or operate over one mile of sanitary sewer lines. Each of the four parks, Anthony Chabot, Del Valle, Garin and Coyote Hills has a specific SSMP that describes its sewer system, its operation and maintenance program, overflow emergency response plans and its monitoring, measurement and program modifications for the sewer system. The SSMPs were approved by the District Board of Directors on June 6, 2012 (Resolution No. 2012-6-140). Preparation of these plans is required by the State Water Resources Control Board Order No. 2006-003-DWQ and public posting of these plans is required by SWRCB 2013-0058-EXEC.
For more information regarding the SSMPs, please contact the Environmental Services Manager, Becky Tuden at 510-544-2353 or email@example.com.
Download: East Bay Regional Park District Resolution No. 2012-6-140
- Jun 2012 (1 pg.)
Download: Anthony Chabot Regional Park SSMP - Feb 2017 (39 pp.)
Download: Coyote Hills Regional Park SSMP - Feb 2017 (40 pp.)
Download: Del Valle Regional Park SSMP - Feb 2017 (40 pp.)
Download: Garin Regional Park SSMP - Feb 2017 (38 pp.)
The East Bay Regional Park District is designing and developing 8-acres of new parkland at the Tidewater Day Use Area of Martin Luther King Jr. Regional Shoreline (MLK), located in the City of Oakand, California. This new parkland will be adjacent to the exiting Tidewater Boating Center and is connected to the rest of MLK by the San Francisco Bay Trail. Several public meetings and input opportunities will be provided to the public throughout the year. To be added to the project mailing list, please contact Toby Perry at: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Download: Public Information Meeting #2 Flyer (Bilingual) - April 3, 2018 (2 pp.)
Download: Public Information Meeting #1 Flyer - June 4, 2017 (1 pg.)
The sediment basin dredging and pond restoration project in Tilden Nature Area is being completed to restore a sediment basin to full capacity and restore three man-made ponds behind the EEC for California red-legged frog habitat. The ponds will also serve as an outdoor classroom for the District’s Interpretive Program. A trail system using decomposed granite will guide park users around the ponds while discouraging them to get too close and risk harming sensitive habitat for red-legged frogs.